Foundation Stage Curriculum

Our EYFS Curriculum

Read our personalised Vale Primary School guide to EYFS...

In Year Reception we follow the EYFS Curriculum which sets standards for the learning, development and care of all children from birth to 5 years of age.  

It is a play-based curriculum that focuses on the whole child and is based on 4 Themes which are explained by the 4 Principles:

  • A Unique Child: Every child is a competent learner from birth who can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured.
  • Positive Relationships:  Children learn to be strong and independent from a base of loving and secure relationships with parents and/or a key person.
  • Enabling Environments: The environment plays a key role in supporting and extending children’s development and learning.
  • Learning and Development: Children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates and all areas of Learning and Development are equally important and inter-connected.

Our Curriculum it is split into 7 areas which are further divided into 17 aspects.  They are as follows:

Foundation Stage Curriculum
Area of Learning and Development Aspect
Prime Areas
Personal, Social and Emotional Development
  • Making relationships
  • Self-confidence and self-awareness
  • Managing feelings and behaviour
Physical Development
  • Moving and handling
  • Health and self-care
Communication and Language
  • Listening and attention
  • Understanding
  • Speaking
Specific Areas
  • Reading
  • Writing
Communication and Language
  • Listening and attention
  • Understanding
  • Speaking
  • Numbers
  • Space, shape and measures
Understanding the World
  • People and communities
  • The World
  • Technology
Expressive Arts and Design
  • Exploring and using media and materials
  • Being imaginative


The Characteristics of Effective Learning are:

  • Finding out and exploring
  • Playing with what they know
  • Being willing to have a go
  • ACTIVE LEARNING – Motivation
  • Being involved and concentrating
  • Keeping trying
  • Enjoying achieving what they set out to do
  • Having their own ideas
  • Making links
  • Choosing ways to do things